ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016-17 – Stuttgart 2017
Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) – Prof. Achim Menges
Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) – Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jan Knippers
University of Stuttgart, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning
The Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) and the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart have completed a new research pavilion exploring building-scale fabrication of glass and carbon fibre-reinforced composites. The novel process is based on the unique affordances and characteristics of fibre construction. Because these materials are lightweight and have high tensile strength, a radically different approach to fabrication becomes possible, which combines low-payload yet long-range machines, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), with strong, precise, yet limited reach, industrial robots. This collaborative concept enables a scalable fabrication setup for long span fibre composite construction. The research builds on a series of successful pavilions, which investigate integrative computational design, engineering and fabrication, and explores their spatial ramifications and construction possibilities. The project was designed and fabricated by students and researchers within an interdisciplinary team of architects, engineers and biologists.
ICD Institute for Computational Design and Construction – Prof. Achim Menges
ITKE Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design – Prof. Jan Knippers
Benjamin Felbrich, Nikolas Früh, Marshall Prado, Daniel Reist, Sam Saffarian, James Solly, Lauren Vasey
System Development, Fabrication and Construction
Miguel Aflalo, Bahar Al Bahar, Lotte Aldinger, Chris Arias, Léonard Balas, Jingcheng Chen, Federico Forestiero, Dominga Garufi, Pedro Giachini, Kyriaki Goti, Sachin Gupta, Olga Kalina, Shir Katz, Bruno Knychalla, Shamil Lallani, Patricio Lara, Ayoub Lharchi, Dongyuan Liu, Yencheng Lu, Georgia Margariti, Alexandre Mballa, Behrooz Tahanzadeh, Hans Jakob Wagner, Benedikt Wannemacher, Nikolaos Xenos, Andre Zolnerkevic, Paula Baptista, Kevin Croneigh, Tatsunori Shibuya, Nicoló Temperi, Manon Uhlen, Li Wenhan, with the support of Michael Preisack.
In collaboration with:
Institute of Aircraft Design (IFB) – Prof. Dr.-Ing. P. Middendorf, Markus Blandl, Florian Gnädinger
Institute of Engineering Geodesy (IIGS) – Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Volker Schwieger, Otto Lerke
Department of Evolutionary Biology of Invertebrates, University of Tuebingen – Prof. Oliver Betz
Department of Palaeontology of Invertebrates, University of Tuebingen – Prof. James Nebelsick
Kuka Roboter GmbH
SGL Technologies GmbH
Hexion Stuttgart GmbH
Ed. Züblin AG
Lange Ritter GmbH
Stahlbau Wendeler GmbH
Leica Geosystems GmbH
Researchers on this project have received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodoska-Curie grant agreement No 642877, from the Collaborative Research Centre CRC 141 of the German Research Foundation and from the Volkswagen Stiftung’s Experiment! funding programme.
Address Keplerstr. 11-17, 70174 Stuttgart
Completion March 2017
Area 26.5 m²
Volume 58 m³
Fibre length 184 km
Weight 1000 Kg
Overall dimensions 12.0m x 2.6m x 3.1m
The Institute for Computational Design and Construction:
The Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) is dedicated to the teaching and research of computational design and computer-aided manufacturing processes in architecture.
The ICD’s goal is to prepare students for the continuing advancement of computational processes in architecture, as they merge the fields of design, engineering, planning and construction. The interrelation of such topics is exposed as both a technical and intellectual venture of formal, spatial, constructional and ecological potentials. Through teaching, the ICD establishes a practical foundation in the fundamentals of parametric and algorithmic design strategies. This provides a platform for further exploration into the integrative use of computational processes in architectural design, with a particular focus on integrative methods for the generation, simulation and evaluation of comprehensive information-based and performance oriented models.
There are two primary research fields at the ICD: the theoretical and practical development of generative computational design processes, and the integral use of computer-controlled manufacturing processes with a particular focus on robotic fabrication. These topics are examined through the development of computational methods which balance the reciprocities of form, material, structure and environment, and integrate technological advancements in manufacturing for the production of performative material and building systems.
The Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE):
The Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart focuses its activity on the development of structures as the main aspect of architecture. Combining teaching and research in a highly interdisciplinary environment, ITKE’s goal is to push the boundaries of engineering design and material science towards new and non-standard applications in the field of architecture.
The two main research interests of the Institute are geared towards material science for the production of high performance materials and their application, along with structural morphology and the study of innovative structural systems. These fundamental aspects of the research activities at ITKE are investigated both from a theoretical and a practical point of view, integrating computational engineering and advanced analysis methods together with technological fabrication and development of full scale prototypes.
The synergy between research and teaching environment is a central feature of the work carried out at ITKE. The interaction between scientific investigation and academic activities provides a privileged platform to develop high quality research and to establish solid collaborations with industry partners, allowing the continuous trade of original ideas and an innovative approach to structural design which redefines the border between architecture and engineering.